What can one do if PPAs (Plant Protection Agents) underperform (do not work effectively), and diseases and pests continue to develop?

Vegetables
30 March 2021

Primarily, quality control of spraying water must be in place (it should be within the limits of рН 4–5.5, and Ec (salinity) should not exceed 1.5.

Secondly, the process must be in strict compliance with the application guidelines for PPAs (always original ones and with unexpired validity)

Thirdly, integrated system of protection should be used — biopreparations and entomophages, pheromone and sticky traps

Fourthly, permanent surveillance of disease incidence and pest infestation must be in place, and preventive work must be done, without waiting substantial spread of pathogens.

How can one grow organic products?

Vegetables
30 March 2021

To do that, it is necessary to register your business in the first place and introduce GlobalGAP certification system. It will make it possible to control the production process and secure product safety and uniformity. The next step is going to be obtaining an Organic certificate, which will serve as a proof of your organic products and will control key points of organic production.

How can one improve vegetable crop yields when growing vegetables outdoors (in open ground) or in greenhouse?

Vegetables
30 March 2021

Firstly, agrochemical analysis of the soil and irrigation water must be conducted. It will provide insights into what lacks in the soil and what fertilizer system is to be opted for. The analysis of water will make it possible to find out whether there are chemical compounds which can block fertilizers or PPAs (plant protection agents).

Secondly, use high-quality seeds, fertilizers and PPAs

Thirdly, apply integrated method of plant protection (by using biopreparations and entomophages)